Forgot password?

Moving to Belgium?

Join InterNations to meet other expats where you live and read more articles like Moving to Belgium with relevant information for expats.

Kelly Powell

Living in Belgium, from USA

"I loved moving to Brussels. But after a while I felt homesick. On InterNations I met a bunch of people from the US. That helped a lot."

Maria Lombardi

Living in Belgium, from Italy

"You can really get lost in the "capital of Europe" - InterNations helped me to get settled and to make a lot of expat friends."

InterNations - a community of trust

Belgium at a Glance

Moving to Belgium

If you’re thinking of moving to Belgium but only know some trivia about the country – home of 500 beers and birthplace of French fries, etc. – we have a lot to tell you! Our expat guide encompasses vital info about languages, visa requirements, expat destinations, and more!

When you tell people that you are moving to Belgium, you can be certain that someone will mention beer or French fries. However, expats in Belgium will soon find out that the country has much more to offer.

Yes, this tiny nation in the heart of Europe is the cradle of the – misnamed – French fries. It also produces delicious chocolate and countless varieties of beer. Yet there are a few more things you should know before your move.

Population & Language in Belgium

Belgium is a small, federal parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch as the official head of state. Depending on which region you end up moving to, you will hear a variation of French, Dutch or German being spoken by the locals. While all three of them are official languages, they don’t necessarily co-exist, with the possible exception of the capital.

People moving to Belgium’s northern regions will find themselves in the Flemish-speaking part of the country, Flemish being a local dialect of Dutch. If you consider settling in Belgium’s southern parts, French is the official language spoken by the majority of the population. German is only heard in two small enclaves on the German-Belgian border, where expats relocating to Belgium for professional reasons are rather unlikely to live.

Government & Culture in Belgium

The move to Belgium’s trilingual constitution is a fairly recent development – a first step towards creating a federal state. However, the linguistic division still causes problems both on a political and cultural level.

Upon arrival in Belgium, foreigners are often surprised when they realize how complex the system of government is. This is due to the autonomy of the three language communities as well as tensions between the French and Dutch parts of the population. Expats in Belgium usually discover that their experience of the country largely depends on the language community they live in.

Your move to Belgium might be complicated by the complete absence of a nation-wide cultural infrastructure. Neither the media nor major organizations and institutions transcend the linguistic borders.

Expat Destinations in Belgium

Belgium is a relatively small country. While the entire nation prides itself on its international flair, it is mainly the Brussels-Capital region which attracts foreigners moving to Belgium. As the only officially bilingual region of the country, Brussels serves as the national capital as well as the seat of administration for both the French and the Flemish communities. Foreigners moving to Belgium’s capital will notice the bilingual road signs, but on the streets, they are most likely to hear French.

Brussels is, of course, one of the capitals of the European Union and home to the NATO headquarters. It is thus no surprise that the countless foreign politicians, diplomats, and civil servants active in Belgium’s capital have established English as the lingua franca of Brussels.

Government officials are, however, not the only foreigners moving to Belgium: In the wake of Brussels’ rise to international political significance, increasing numbers of multi-national enterprises have been tempted by a move to Belgium, too.

Visa Requirements for Belgium

EU citizens do not require a visa in order to enter Belgium. For short-term stays, there are special visa waiver programs for some countries outside the EU as well. To find out which type of visa you need, contact your nearest Belgian embassy. All visa applications must be addressed to your nearest Belgian embassy or consulate. There is one application form for short-term visas and one for long-term visas. In addition to your valid passport, several supporting documents are required, depending on the purpose of your stay.

InterNations Expat Magazine