Let's listen to a conference of 2019 brain's week
ADDICTIONS: WHEN OUR BRAIN PLAYS TRICKS
Conference • Paris
Addictions are considered to be cerebral pathologies, dependence and mandatory use of the substance or activity, although knowledge of its consequences is deleterious to health, social behavior, and mental health. The addictive substances are tobacco, alcohol, psychostimulants (cocaine, amphetamine), opiates and cannabis. Among the addictions without substance are nowadays considered, games of chance and money, extreme sports, or even screens.
All individuals are not equal in the face of addictions and social determinants (stress, social environment included) play a decisive role in this area.
Jocelyne Caboche proposes to better understand the neurobiological bases of addiction, with the diversion of the brain circuits normally involved in the reward. It exposes advances in basic and clinical research to better understand the substances or certain activities lastingly modifiable neurons within these circuits, and induces a form of pathological learning. a neurotransmitter: dopamine. Understanding these mechanisms and better understanding are essential to consider new therapeutic approaches in the treatment of these pathologies.
Jocelyne Caboche (Institute of Biology Paris-Seine, Neurosciences Paris Seine - Sorbonne University / CNRS / Inserm, Treasurer of the Society of Neurosciences)
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