Australia at a Glance
Job Search and Etiquette in Australia
Skills and Qualifications
People hoping to work in Australia should have their qualifications and skills assessed by an appropriate authority. A detailed list, including contact information of all current assessing authorities, can be downloaded from the website of the Australian Government Department of Immigration and Citizenship You have to register your educational and employment details with the government´s SkillSelect database while you are waiting to become eligible for a visa application. This database is used by employers and national or regional governments to fill skilled vacancies under the sponsored visa categories.
Having your skills assessed is a must in any case. It will increase your employability and give you access to Australian JobSearch, Australia’s largest free online service for jobseekers and employers, which is run by the Australian government.
Some professions also require a trade recognition or special license. For more information on applying for a recognized trade certificate, visit the website of Trades Recognition Australia. If you are a member of a regulated profession and require an occupational license, you can find details of relevant licensing authorities on License Recognition.
The English Language
When working in Australia, you are expected to have a sufficient command of the English language. For most types of visas, English language skills are a prerequisite and can be assessed by a variety of bodies: the internet based Teach English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL), the Pearson Test of Academic English (PTE Academic), the International English Language Testing System (IELTS), the Occupational English Test (OET), and, beginning in early 2015, the Cambridge Advanced English test (CAE). All business is conducted in English. However, other foreign languages can be a welcome additional skill and might give you some advantages on the job market.
The Australian government runs a translating and interpreting service for people whose English is not good enough to communicate with local authorities, doctors, or government departments. Interpreters work over the telephone and on site. You can reach this service under the local number 131 450 and internationally at +613 9268 8332.
Getting a Job
As in most other countries, vacancies are advertised in newspapers. There are also numerous online job databases and search engines. A couple of commercial websites specialize in helping prospective expats or skilled migrants find work in Australia prior to arrival. The Australian government regularly updates its list of skilled occupations; the best place to find out which professions are currently in demand on the Australian labor market.
Job Services Australia is another government initiative to help jobseekers; it focuses on people who may have a disadvantage in the labor market for various reasons, such as lacking sufficient English skills. However, people on temporary visas or their family members may not be eligible for JSA’s full range of services.
Australians are a friendly and sociable crowd and are usually quite open towards foreigners. Although socializing with other expats from your native country or cultural background while you are Down Under might seem like the more comfortable option, getting to know the locals is a great way to make the most of your expat experience.
A favorite pastime of many Australians is the obligatory barbecue or “barbie” in the backyard. If you have just moved into your new home in an Australian suburb, this might be a good opportunity to get on friendly terms with your neighbors. It is not uncommon for guests to contribute by bringing their own meat or drinks.
Work is not only a good environment to establish business contacts, but to socialize as well. When you meet someone for the first time, a firm handshake is an acceptable greeting. It is quite common for colleagues and business associates — from junior to executive level — to address each other by their first names. To be on the safe side, though, let the other person make the first move.
In the office or at a business meeting you can be direct, but you should always remain respectful and polite and never show signs of arrogance. Formal dress may be required depending on the occasion and your area of work.
Colleagues or business associates might invite you out for a drink after work, especially on a Friday night. Usually, these are informal social occasions and not used to discuss business matters. Unless you have explicitly been invited by a business associate, you will be expected to pick up a round (or “shout”) like everyone else, which means paying for a round of drinks.
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