Numerous IT experts are currently working in Bangalore’s technology enterprises. While corporate giants such as Google, Dell, and Amazon take up a significant share of the sector, they are not the only employers of IT specialists. Every week, a few new technology start-ups join the IT cluster in town.
SMEs in particular, however, are finding it increasingly difficult to get a foot in the door. Prices for labor and office space are heavily influenced by big employers who continue to attract highly qualified people from an international background. Thus, while the development of the high-tech industry has turned the city into one of India’s fastest growing metropolises, it has not been entirely beneficial for the employment prospects of locals working in Bangalore.
Bangalore isn’t called the Silicon Valley of India for nothing. Several venture capital companies from the original Silicon Valley in California have a local branch with staff working in Bangalore. Dozens of global companies also have their own research and development centers in the city, e.g. Bosch, Siemens Information Systems, SAP Lab India, Intel Development Center, Accenture, IBM, Cisco Systems, Oracle, etc.
Bangalore has become a popular outsourcing and offshoring destination due to the large numbers of highly skilled people working there for comparatively low wages. In fact, the cost of running a business and hiring staff in Bangalore is significantly lower than in the US or the EU. However, companies often face huge inconveniences due to an insufficient infrastructure which has failed to keep up with the city’s explosive growth. Power cuts, for example, can cause major problems for IT companies and their staff working in Bangalore.
Although the Indian ICT sector has been slowing down somewhat, it seems to be stagnating on a fairly high level. Thus the IT industry still provides most of the jobs for expats working in Bangalore. Thousands of IT specialists, quite a few of them from abroad, are employed in Electronic City, a “Silicon Park” on the outskirts of town. However, many mid-level and lower-level positions in the big IT companies are filled by highly qualified, but low-salaried locals.
Expats working in Bangalore are usually recruited for upper management. However, this stronghold, too, is challenged by returning Indians, who bring local knowledge plus experience gained abroad to the job. While most expatriates are relocated by their companies on foreign assignments, it is also possible to find a job with an Indian company recruiting from overseas.
Information technology is not the only big player on the job market for expats. With a considerable percentage of India’s biotechnology companies based in Bangalore, the city has built up a strong international presence in this field. Other popular occupations for expats are in banking and finance.
Aviation, aerospace technology, electronic engineering, and automotive manufacturing, as well as equipment and machinery, may also be of interest to foreign employees working in Bangalore. However, both mechanical engineering and India’s electronics industry were rather stagnating in the course of 2012, so it may be worth keeping a close eye on developments in these fields.
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