France

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France in Numbers

Have a look at these key facts and figures on France’s demographics, languages, economy, climate, and more to get a first impression of the republic, including its overseas regions.
  • Country name: French Republic / République française
  • Government type: unitary senatorial semi-presidential republic
  • Area (km²): 643,800 in total; 551,500 for metropolitan France
  • Climate:
    • metropolitan France: temperate; oceanic in the west, continental in the center and east, Mediterranean in the south-east, and alpine in the Pyrenees, the Alps, and the Massif Central summits
    • French Guiana: equatorial
    • Saint Pierre and Miquelon: subpolar
    • other populated overseas regions: tropical
  • Capital: Paris
  • Population: 67,100,000 in total; 64,942,000 for metropolitan France (July 2017 estimate)
  • Population density: 122/km² (2015)
  • Major urban areas: Paris (10.8 M), Lyon (1.6 M), Marseille-Aix-en-Provence (1.6 M), Lille (1.0 M), Nice-Cannes (967,000), Toulouse (938,000) (2015 estimates)
  • Languages:
    • French (official)
    • a range of Celtic, Germanic, Gallo-Romance regional languages (e.g. Breton, French Flemish, Catalan) as well as Corsican and Basque with comparatively low numbers of speakers
    • a number of French-based créoles and local indigenous languages in overseas regions
  • Religions: Christian 63–66%, none 23–28%, Muslim 7–9%, Buddhist 0.5–0.75%, Jewish 0.5–0.75%, other 0.5–1% (2015 estimates)
  • Gross domestic product (GDP): 2.465 trillion USD (nominal), 2.734 trillion USD (PPP) (2016 estimates)
  • GDP per capita: 41,466 USD (2016 estimate)
  • Unemployment rate: 9.8% (July 2017)
  • Mercer Cost of Living Index 2016: Paris (62), Lyon (137)
  • Human Development Index 2015: 21st out of 188 countries
  • Currencies:
    • Euro (EUR)
    • CFP franc (XPF) in French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Wallis and Futuna;
      1,000 XPF = 8.38 EUR
  • Time zones:
    • metropolitan France: CET (UTC+01:00)
    • French Guiana, Saint Pierre and Miquelon: UTC-03:00
    • French Polynesia: UTC-09:00 to UTC-10:00
    • Guadeloupe, Saint Martin, Saint Barthélemy, Martinique: UTC-04:00
    • Mayotte: UTC+03:00
    • New Caledonia: UTC+11:00
    • Réunion: UTC+04:00
    • Wallis and Futuna: UTC+12:00
  • Telephone country codes:
    • metropolitan France: +33
    • French Guiana: +594 594 (landline), +594 694 (mobile)
    • French Polynesia: +689
    • Guadeloupe, Saint Martin, Saint Barthélemy: +590 590 (landline), +590 690 (mobile)
    • Martinique: +596 596 (landline), +96 696 (mobile)
    • Mayotte: +262 262 (landline), +262 639 (mobile)
    • New Caledonia: +687
    • Réunion: +262 262 (landline), +262 693 or +262 692 (mobile)
    • Saint Pierre and Miquelon: +508
    • Wallis and Futuna: +681
  • Emergency numbers: 
    • 112 Europe-wide emergency call number
    • 15 ambulance
    • 17 police
    • 18 fire department
  • Voltage: 230 V / 50 Hz
  • Recommended vaccinations:
    • metropolitan France: routine vaccines, tick-borne encephalitis
    • French overseas regions: routine vaccines, hepatitis A and B, typhoid, rabies, and yellow fever (mandatory if traveling from a country with risk of yellow fever)

 

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