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Housing in Canada
Best Places to Live in Canada
If you are relocating to Canada, you may want to know what are the best cities for expats. Canada is a large country with something to offer for any lifestyle. From the expansive, mountainous scenery of Banff National Park to the hip nightlife of Toronto, it is no wonder that Canada has one of the highest per-capita immigration rates in the world.
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At a Glance
The top places for expats to live in Canada are Vancouver, Toronto, Calgary, Montréal, and Ottawa. All five cities rank highly in quality of living.
- Vancouver is an ideal choice among expats due to its natural landscape, and multicultural, tolerant community.
- Toronto is the country’s most ethnically diverse city making it one of the most comfortable places in which expats can integrate.
- Calgary is a safe city in Canada, boasting extremely low crime rates, which makes it an attractive option for many expats.
- Montréal is named after a three-peaked hill in the center of the city. Expats should remember rents are generally lower here than in popular Toronto.
- Ottawa is Canada’s capital city and Mercer ranks it as having the second-highest standard of living out of large cities in the Americas. It is also ranked as the third-cleanest city in the world.
Canada’s Most Popular Cities
Wondering where to live in Canada? The most popular expat destinations in Canada are Vancouver, Toronto, Calgary, Montréal, and Ottawa. These top five cities all rank incredibly highly in terms of overall quality of living. Canada is one of the most popular countries to relocate to, and people often look into making the move after major events in their home country, such as political change. For example, after the UK’s 2019 general election, online searches for ‘move to Canada’ multiplied by 49 times. Will you go one step further and relocate?
In each of the cities mentioned in this article, you will find welcoming expat communities via InterNations. There you can connect and network with fellow expats, exchange tips, and participate in exciting local events and community groups.
Vancouver is one of the best and most popular destinations for expats due to its nature and culture. It is surrounded by not only breathtaking mountains, but the expansive Pacific ocean as well. It is an excellent place for skiing, snowboarding, surfing, whale watching, and other outdoor activities.
This city ranks high in healthcare, education, culture, and the environment. It is one of the most multicultural cities in Canada, making it an ideal spot for expats from all countries to integrate. Nearly 50% of the population speaks a language other than English.
This West Coast city is a very tolerant and diverse city, which makes it an extraordinary town for foreigners to settle down. People are amicable with one another, and there is even a large LGBTQ community. Vancouver is home to one of the largest gay pride parades in the country. It is important to note that marijuana is also a large part of the lifestyle in this city. The recreational drug is legal in Canada.
Size of City
Vancouver has an area of 115 km squared with a population of 675,218 habitants. It is located in the province of British Columbia on the West Coast. It is an urban city compacted into a tiny area.
Vancouver ranks high among expats due to its strong economy, making it a prime spot for those looking for employment opportunities. Expats searching for a job can explore openings in the following industries:
- personal services;
- cinema and film;
- tourism and hospitality;
On average, workers in this city make a 56,603 CAD (42,682 USD) salary per year.
Cost of Living
Vancouver is one of the most expensive cities in Canada. The average cost of living is 40,680 CAD (30,400 USD) per year. For a one-bedroom apartment in the city, you can expect to pay 2,080 CAD (1,550 USD) per month. Even those hoping to buy a home will find some of the highest prices in this hotspot city. You can expect to pay an average 1,092,000 CAD (821,555 USD).
A monthly transport pass will set you back between 75 and 95 CAD (57–72 USD). For an hour taxi ride, you can expect to be charged 34 CAD (25 USD). An average phone plan will cost you around 75 CAD (57 USD) per month. Finally, for groceries and household items, make sure to budget roughly 315 CAD (238 USD) monthly.
If you are eating out, you are expected to tip. It is expected you leave a tip that is between 15 and 20% of the bill. A pint of beer will cost you between 5 and 8 CAD (4–6 USD).
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Like Vancouver, Toronto is also a very multicultural and tolerant town, so integration should be easy for expats of all backgrounds. There is a diverse, international community, as nearly half of the city’s residents were born outside of Canada. Toronto’s population is comprised of more than 230 nationalities, making it the country’s most ethnically diverse city.
Toronto’s influx of immigrants has undoubtedly influenced the city’s assorted culture and even its cuisine. The city can be described as a business-minded, conscientious, socially progressive, and pluralistic metropolitan. There are many museums, cultural activities, festivals, and sports events throughout the year.
Size of the City
Toronto has an area of 630.2 km squared and a population of 2.93 million. This is the largest city in Canada and is found in the province of Ontario.
There are plenty of job opportunities for expats in this city. The best sectors in which to look for employment are:
- film and cinema;
Cost of Living
In terms of the cost of living, Toronto is the most expensive city in Canada. Per year, your cost of living will be an average of 45,380 CAD (33,880 USD). The median monthly rent in Toronto is 2,270 CAD (1,700 USD) for a one-bedroom. If you wish to buy a house, you will need an average of 766,000 CAD (576,290 USD).
If you purchase a monthly transportation pass in Toronto, you will need to set aside 146 CAD (109). For an hour taxi ride, you will need to pay 31 CAD (23 USD).
If you wish to enroll your child in an international school, expect to pay an average of 1,977 CAD (1,476 USD) per month in tuition fees.
Calgary is sometimes known as being the most “American” of Canadian cities, given its cowboy character, conservative leanings, and social policies. In comparison to Vancouver and Toronto, it lacks multiculturalism, although the city is working hard to discard this image.
This Canadian city offers plenty of outdoor adventures and activities, along with many arts and cultural destinations. With a bonus of an extremely low crime rate, low sales taxes, and a good transportation system, it is no wonder expats flock to this top metropolis.
Cultural life in this city is extremely diverse, as there is a varied population of people of all different backgrounds. Expats will find an abundance of art, food, fashion, film, festivals, literary events, and cultural celebrations throughout the year.
Size of the City
The area of Calgary is 825.3 km squared (8,883 square miles). It has a population of 1.3 million and is located in the province of Alberta.
Highly skilled expats should not struggle to find employment in this Canadian city. Expats should look for openings in the following trades:
- financial services;
- oil, gas, and petroleum;
- urban planning;
- creative media and arts;
Cost of Living
Like Toronto and Vancouver, Calgary also has a high cost of living, although not as soaring. The average cost of living in Calgary is 33,855 CAD (25,276 USD) per year. If you want to purchase a home here, you will need to pay roughly 431,000 CAD (324,260 USD). If renting, you will need to set aside anywhere between 750 and 1,000 CAD (564–753 USD) per month, and that is just for a simple studio apartment, unfurnished. You will also be expected to put down a full month’s deposit.
In a three to four-bedroom home, you can expect to pay between 200 and 250 CAD (151–188 USD) for heating and electricity (even in winter). Internet costs will come out to 50–70 CAD (66–93 USD).
In Calgary, a monthly transport pass costs 106 CAD (79 USD), and an hour taxi ride will cost you 29 CAD (22 USD).
Named the fifth best city in the world for expats, Montréal should be at the top of your list if you are thinking of moving to Canada. Expats in this city are especially pleased with the work-life balance and their options for housing, which are both affordable and easy to find. The general opinion is that the quality of life is high.
Expats seem to agree on one drawback of living in Montréal, the climate. With long, cold, snowy, and windy winters, it is no wonder they consider the weather to be such a hassle. Some expats are also discontent with the availability of healthcare in the city, or lack thereof.
As one of the most bilingual cities in the country, you can get away with speaking both English and French. The official language, however, is French, with the Francophone community making up 65% of the resident population. For that reason, English-speaking expats can sometimes struggle to integrate in the local culture.
However, you will still find the city to be multicultural and home to a growing community of expats. Once referred to as Canada’s cultural capital, Montréal has plenty to offer when it comes to city life, entertainment, and leisure.
Size of the City
Montréal is the second most populated city in Canada, and the most populated in the province of Quebec. It has an area of 431 km squared (4,639 square miles), and a population of 1.7 million. Despite the city’s relatively small area, it has the second highest number of consulates in North America.
Montréal’s most prominent industries are:
- art, culture, and film;
Because of the number of Francophones, English speakers may not find the same job opportunities as French speakers in Montréal. In fact, unlike the rest of Canada, work permits for Quebec require speaking some level of French.
Cost of Living
A single person living in Montréal should expect to spend approximately 28,000 CAD (21,100 USD) a year. That would be around 1,000 CAD (750 USD) a month without rent.
Housing will take up a big part of your expenses, although the majority of expats still consider it affordable. Exact costs will vary but expect to pay around 1,200 CAD (900 USD) a month for a one-bedroom apartment and 2,000 CAD (1,500 USD) for a three-bedroom apartment in the city center. In areas further from the city center, those would go down to 800 and 1,300 CAD (980 USD), respectively. Utilities would add around 90 CAD (67 USD) to that, plus 45 CAD (33 USD) for internet.
If you are planning on using the public transportation system there, budget for an additional 86.50 CAD (65 USD) a month.
The capital of Canada has everything a good capital city should offer. You won’t find it as dynamic as other cities in Canada, but it is still a popular expat destination. You can expect to find plenty of work opportunities, reasonable house prices, a low crime rate, considerable cultural life, and plenty of green spaces for leisurely picnics and bike rides.
Compared to Montréal, Toronto, or Vancouver, Ottawa may not seem as vibrant or trendy, but you will certainly not find it boring. You can enjoy an active city and nightlife, with plenty of restaurants, galleries, theatres, and museums to choose from. The city’s numerous parks offer plenty of opportunities to enjoy the outdoors.
Size of the City
Ottawa is the fourth most populated city in Canada, even though it is superior in size to Toronto, Montréal, Vancouver, and Calgary combined. This city, located in the province of Ontario, has a population of 934,000 in an area of 2,790 km squared (30,031 square miles).
The top industries in Ottawa are:
- federal government;
- real estate;
Their technology sector is particularly advanced, making Ottawa one of the main high-tech centers of North America. There are more than 70,000 jobs in this area alone.
The average salary in Ottawa is typically between 60,000 and 70,000 CAD (45,000-52,800 USD) a year.
Cost of Living
Ottawa is the third most expensive city in Canada. A single person living in Ottawa should expect a monthly expense of approximately 2,700 CAD (2,000 USD). Renting an apartment in an expensive area would cost around 2,000 CAD (1,500 USD) a month. Utilities add 130 CAD (98 USD) to that, and 50 CAD (37 USD) more for internet.
Purchasing a home there can be quite expensive. Expect to pay between 3,000 and 5,000 CAD (2,260—3,770 USD) per square meter (11 square feet) for an apartment—the closer to the city center, the more expensive it will be.
If you are going to be driving in the city, you can purchase a mid-level car for 23,000 CAD (17,350 USD). Gas is quite affordable, at 1.17 CAD (0.88 USD) a liter. Opting for public transportation instead would cost around 117 CAD (88 USD) monthly.