The market for renting in the UK is growing. While “my home is my castle” used to be the British house-buyer’s motto, more and more Brits are renting their home today. The prices for buying a house in the UK have once again begun to normalize, but they continue to rise sharply in the most attractive areas, especially London. Young professionals often face less job security and strict conditions for mortgage loans from banks in the UK. For expatriates keen on renting in the UK, this means more competition on the property market.
Local authorities across Britain provide public or social housing advertised in council offices or on their website. While you can apply for council housing even if you don’t live in the area, waiting lists are often long. Preference is given — for obvious reasons — to candidates in need, like low-income tenants, families living in cramped quarters, or the disabled.
As a new resident from overseas, you’ll probably find your new home on the private market.
On the private market, landlords can advertise a property for renting in the UK directly, or they employ a “letting agent”, i.e. a real estate agency. If you are looking for property listed by letting agents, there are some things to consider.
Theoretically, everyone can call themselves a “letting agent”. Check if the agency belongs to a professional association, e.g. the National Association of Estate Agents or the Association of Residential Letting Agents.
A reputable letting agent won’t demand extortionate fees. You should expect to pay a commission, as well as additional fees for credit reference checks, for concluding the tenancy agreement, or a property inventory check. If they start charging fees left and right, this should be cause for concern.
Once you have found a home for renting in the UK, it’s time to sign the tenancy agreement. Study it carefully, even the small print. While agreements for renting in the UK can be made orally, do get a written contract. Otherwise, disputes with your landlord might be impossible to settle.
A tenancy agreement should contain the following information:
The most common legal form for renting in the UK is the Assured Shorthold Tenancy (in England and Wales), the “Short Assured Tenancy” (in Scotland), or the “Protected Shorthold Tenancy” (in Northern Ireland). This definition mainly plays a role when it comes to evictions.
Your rental accommodation is an AST if
In addition to its legal status, an agreement can be periodic (you pay the rent weekly or monthly, without a pre-defined end date) or fixed-term. A fixed-term agreement covers a limited period for renting in the UK, e.g. two years. Afterwards, the agreement can be extended, renewed, or transformed into a periodic contract.
If you enter into a joint tenancy for renting in the UK, you should know your flatmates well. A joint tenancy agreement is one where you all sign the same contract for the landlord. Then you can be held liable if the others don’t pay their share. You might be forced to pay the entire amount and get the money back from them, or the landlord can have you evicted for arrears.
Your main responsibility is to pay the rent on time, as well as all charges mentioned in the contract. You must repair any damage you cause and take good care of the property. However, there are some aspects to clarify before signing the agreement.
Damage and neglect, as well as rent arrears, are common causes for eviction. Anti-social behavior among people renting in the UK, or noise nuisance, is another. However, even if you are a model tenant, your landlord may end the agreement for renting in the UK — e.g. because they want to move in themselves.
In a fixed-term agreement, the landlord must give two weeks’ to two months’ written notice. If it’s an AST, the notice period is always two months. This also applies in the opposite case: if you want to move out yourself.
Follow the appropriate procedure for giving notice. If you have a fixed-term contract for renting in the UK, make sure it has a break clause, or you could be forced to pay rent for the entire term.
For further information on renting in the UK, contact a letting agent, a lawyer, or the Citizens Advice Bureau.
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