Vocational training is expanding rapidly in Vietnam: in Protected content , some 115,000 students graduated from 80 vocational and technical colleges; by Protected content , the annual number of vocational-course graduates is expected to reach 300,000.
Vocational and technical education is indispensable for addressing labor requirements, especially in countries transitioning to market economies, as in Vietnam. Following the country’s Protected content reforms known as “Doi Moi” (renovation), the demand for skilled workers has intensified. However, Viet Nam’s vocational and technical education system has failed to sufficiently meet the demand for labor.
Providing skilled labor to industry, there are more than Protected content colleges, Protected content schools running mainly two-year courses in subjects such as engineering technology, production, electronics, manufacturing and computing.
Many further education and higher education institutions offer industrial, industry-related and industry-relevant courses of three years or more, in subjects such as information technology, mathematics, physics, chemistry and English.
To overhaul Viet Nam’s vocational and technical education system, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and other partners supported a project to help improve the system’s market orientation, upgrade key schools by developing curricula and instructional materials, improve equipment and facilities, and strengthen institutional capacity in the General Department of Vocational Training. This included establishing a labor market information system for program accreditation and technical certification systems, improving access for women and minority students, staff development, and private sector participation.
Vietnam Government also conducts research and programmers to promote the employment of Vietnam, and provides loans for workforce training and development. The Vietnamese labor force has expanded greatly, from 3.2 million employees in Protected content more than 9.7 million today, and further rapid growth is expected.
Among key lessons drawn from the evaluation were that managing vocational and technical education requires extensive coordination among different stakeholders, and that outcomes need to be integrated with the national system for them to be effectively utilized and sustained.
The Government of Viet Nam continues improving the focus of its vocational and technical education system, and that its management could be further streamlined to reduce overlapping duties among government ministries and agencies. The government needs to reconsider the balance between investments in vocational and academic institutions, and step up campaigns to familiarize secondary and high school students with the benefits of vocational training.
Source: Protected content