As a relatively small country with limited natural resources, Montenegro does not lend itself to an industrial economy; as such the majority of Montenegro’s economy is made up of services centered on its reputation as an elite tourist location.
The majority of foreign investment in the country is in tourism, and because of this, the job opportunities for foreigners who cannot speak Serbian are limited to English teaching jobs, or the tourism industry. Jobs in the tourist industry can be found working in hostels or hotels, bars, or doing guided tours of some of the scenic attractions.
Montenegro is not yet a member of the European Union, but it is hoped that future membership will allow for increased foreign investment in the country.
Teaching English is a popular option for native English speakers interested in moving to Montenegro, and while there are English teaching positions available, these are getting more and more popular every year. Having a TEFL (Teach English in a Foreign Language) certificate and some experience teaching English will give you an advantage over other applicants, and jobs can be found either in international schools, universities or at dedicated English schools.
Expatriates looking to work in the international schools and universities will benefit from perks such as longer vacations, and will usually be able to earn a higher salary, whereas at dedicated English schools, there will usually just be a shorter break in the summer, and national holidays off. The benefit of working at a dedicated English school is the much more variable hours, for example, you may be able to take evening classes, leaving your days free.
There is also a wide variety of volunteering and internship positions for expatriates throughout Montenegro, and if this is something that you are interested in, you can find these opportunities online through private organizations such as Gulliver Connect, the Association for Democratic Prosperity or Balkan Youth, which is an organization which is improving the quality of life for children and youths all the way throughout the Balkans.
A work permit is a requirement for any expatriates working in Montenegro. You will need to have a contract with a local employer in order to qualify for a work permit, and this will allow you multiple accesses into the country. Fortunately, the 90-day window that allows expatriates from a lot of European and North and South American countries entry to Montenegro without a visa means that many expats will be able to look for a job while already in the country, which can be an advantage.
Popular expatriate bars in the cities and tourist areas will post jobs for foreigners on notice boards, so if you can afford to stay in Montenegro for a month or two before finding a job, then you can find some good opportunities once you are already in the country. The work permit application process usually takes less than 2 weeks, and once you have an employer to support your application the process is very quick.