General protection against (wrongful) dismissal in Germany is guaranteed for all employees by the Protection Against Dismissal Act [KSchG], according to which termination is only permitted if it is socially justified. This is the case if there are personal grounds, behavioural grounds or operational grounds for dismissal.
General protection against (wrongful) dismissal applies if the employment relationship at the company has existed for longer than six months and more than ten staff are employed there.
The most common way of terminating an employment relationship is by giving notice of termination. Dismissal is only effective if it is issued in writing.
The statutory period of notice of termination is four weeks to the 15th or to the end of a month. In the case of termination by the employer, the statutory period of notice is extended depending on how long an employee has been working for a company.
The notice period of four weeks always applies in the case of termination by the employee, unless some other arrangement has been agreed upon.
If the establishment has a works council, it must be informed by the employer before any dismissal can be issued.
I'm a German lawyer specializing in Employment Law.
If you have any problems concerning your working environment (as an employee or an employer) just ring me for a free phone call and initial advice about your legal situation.
Take care, Peter