Working in Peru?
Peru: Work Visas, Taxation and Etiquette
Two Ways of Obtaining Your Work Visa
Receiving a working visa in Peru is not as difficult as it may seem, once you have a job. You have two options for getting to this step:
- Enter Peru with a tourist visa, which is valid for either 90 or 183 days. (More information on tourist & business visas can be found in our article on moving to Peru.) Once you have a job lined up and have paid attention to the above requirements for working in a Peruvian or international company, you may apply for a working visa. It will usually be valid for the length of your contract. You can apply for a working visa at the Superintendencia Nacional de Migraciones which is the Peruvian superintendence for migration issues. .
- Enter Peru with a business visa (not to be confused with a working visa). The same applies as above, except that you only have a 90-day stay. It may be easier to acquire a working visa while you are already in possession of a business visa, since you are then able to network more easily. Again, once you have found a job, you must apply for a working permit.
For more detailed information on what you need in addition to your work contract, visit a Peruvian embassy or consulate near you.
Highly Relevant: Social Security and Taxation
As Peru is a developing country, its social security system is still in the developmental stages. Currently the rate of social security payments lies at 13% of gross earnings. A resident of Peru is eligible for social security payments in the event of unemployment or disability, or if he or she earns below minimum wage. In order to combat poverty in Peru, new social security laws have been implemented and are continuously being updated.
Everyone is required to pay taxes once he or she becomes a resident of Peru, i.e. after 183 days of living and working legally in Peru. Net taxable income is taxed at rates of 15%, 21%, and the maximum of 30%, which is also the amount required of non-residents. Taxes flow directly into the health and pension systems — private or public. Pension plans are paid out at the age of 60 after a person has been employed by a Peruvian or foreign company in Peru for a minimum of 20 years of contributions. In the case of early retirement at the age of 55, the retiree must have paid at least 30 years of contributions.
Peru has a double-taxation treaty with ten countries (Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Mexico, South Korea, Switzerland, and Portugal) to facilitate overseas business and trade. If you are not a resident of these countries, please visit your country’s tax bureau in order to ensure that you pay your taxes accordingly.
How to Behave in a Proper Peruvian Manner
When living in a foreign country you should ensure that you acclimatize to that country’s etiquette, be it social or business-related. While you are working in Peru, it is important to be aware of the following tips when doing business with Peruvian colleagues:
- Keep in mind that there is a “hora peruana” (Peruvian time).This means that Peruvians will often come at least one hour later than the appointed time. This is considered neither offensive nor is it a sign of disinterest.
- Peruvians are not a fan of small talk in the office, and negotiations may often be quite competitive.
- Business decisions are made by the highest-ranking person in the office. Therefore, if you have a pressing issue, be sure to meet with the executives.
- Address people with “Señor” and “Señora” and their last name until you are on a first-name basis with them.
- Although this may seem like common sense, remember that business is conducted in Spanish. Therefore it is important that you either speak the language fluently or bring along an interpreter.
- Business cards are also widely used and much appreciated. If you want to make a good impression, it is wise to have them printed in Spanish on one side as well.
- Dress conservatively. Peruvian businesspeople value neat and elegant clothing.
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