The Philippines at a Glance
Working in the Philippines
Working in the Philippines is an increasingly attractive option for many expatriates. Economically, the country has a lot to offer and attracts more and more interest from foreign investors who consider working in the Philippines a chance to establish themselves in the region. The local government is trying to implement changes to be able to compete with other Asian countries and the rest of the world.
Due to the growing consumer demand and a rebound in exports and investments, the Philippines’ GDP has grown 6.6% in recent years. The economy survived the recession of 2008 and 2009 in better condition than most, and it is now experiencing significant growth.
All in all, there are about 41 million people working in the Philippines, and more than 21 million of them are employed in the services sector. Other important sectors for expats working in the Philippines are agriculture and the production industries, which employ 32% and 15% of the labor force, respectively. With an unemployment rate of 7.4%, conditions are decent.
Despite its currently strong economy, the Philippines face large national debt and a high rate of poverty. Also, the country depends on the money overseas workers send home to their families. The government has yet to take measures to make the best out of the strong economy and create incentives for people to start working in the Philippines.
What the long-term economic effects of the 2013 typhoon will be is still unclear. Beyond the obvious human tragedy caused by the natural disaster, the infrastructure in the eastern parts of the Philippines could take years to rebuild. It is not entirely unthinkable that the storm damages could also hamper GDP growth.
Every foreign national who plans on working in the Philippines needs to report to the Philippine Department of Labor & Employment (DOLE) for an Alien Employment Permit (AEP). If you are heading to the Philippines and have already secured your non-immigrant visa, you can apply for an AEP at your nearest embassy or consulate. See Moving to the Philippines for more information on visas.
However, if you already have an employer in the Philippines, it is usually easier if they apply on your behalf at the nearest regional DOLE office. The period of your AEP validity strongly depends on your work contract and on your position within the company you will be working for.
Social Security in the Philippines
When it comes to social security services in the Philippines, private-sector employees as well as domestic workers and the self-employed are covered. It is possible to get voluntary coverage for insured people who are no longer eligible to receive compulsory coverage and for their spouses. Government employees and military personnel have their own system.
The Social Security system in the Philippines covers disability, retirement, maternity, sickness, survivors, and work injuries. Additionally, you might also want to check whether there exist any social security agreements between the Philippines and your home country.
Contributions made toretirement, disability, and survivors funds while working in the Philippines also cover sickness, maternity, and funeral benefits. The contributions are as follows:
- Insured people contribute 3.33% of their gross monthly earnings
- Self-employed people contribute 10.4% of their gross monthly earnings
- Employers pay 7.07% of the employee’s gross monthly earnings
Unfortunately, as is the case with healthcare coverage, your social security coverage may not be as comprehensive as you would expect. For that reason, it may make sense for expatriates working in the Philippines to keep contributing to their social security system at home or to take out private plans.
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