Moving to Poland will inevitably get you in touch with the turbulent history of a country that has been overrun and partitioned among invading countries several times throughout the past few centuries. In the 18th century, the nation lost its political influence and was divided up between Prussia, Russia, and Austria. Although Poland finally gained independence after World War I, it was overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union in World War II. It was not until the early 1990s that Poland became a truly independent country.
Expats moving to Poland will be glad to find out that the country has not only managed to survive those years of turmoil but that it is also thriving as a full member of the European Union. Today, a move to Poland promises more than just an insight into the country’s past, but also a lively experience of its energetic urban life as well as the unspoiled countryside in Poland’s rural areas.
Poland shares borders with various countries, including Germany, Belarus, Lithuania, Russia, Slovakia, Ukraine, and the Czech Republic. Lowlands make up the prevailing geographical landscape of Poland with a wide range of plains, from Germany to Russia, covering the country’s north. The Pomerania region, which is located here, is dominated by lakes, rivers, dunes, and seaside cliffs. When moving to Poland’s north, you should visit the country’s biggest harbor, Gdansk, as well as the two biggest Polish islands, Uznam and Wolin. Poland’s center is also known as the Lakeland region. This is where Poland surprises with bays, lakes, meadows, and wide river valleys.
However, the south is where the country’s uplands are located, with the Sudeten Mountains situated in the west. The highest ranges are the Tatra Mountains — Rysy is by far its highest peak at about 2500 meters. East and west of the Tatras lie the Beskid Mountains. With their grassy alms they are home to wolves, bears, and other wild animals.
Expats moving to Poland should prepare to experience not only warm summers but also very cold winters throughout their stay. But never fear! Your new home will surprise you with its golden autumn. Indeed, it is often said that the weather is most enjoyable in October. However, you should be prepared for the weather to shift from sunshine to rain rapidly and unexpectedly, even in this enjoyable season. All in all, you will realize soon that you need to be prepared for all weather conditions imaginable.
If you plan on moving to Poland in winter, get ready for cold winters and heavy snowfalls. On average, temperatures fall to -10°C in December. Throughout late winter it may get even colder, with -20°C, making it even more challenging for expats to adjust. Spring begins in March and lets the snow finally melt away. However, in the mountainous south, the snow might remain until May.
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