There is a large wealth gap in San Salvador and many of the city's richest people live in gated communities, while a lot of locals live in shanty towns on the outskirts of the city.
San Salvador's population is around the 1,100,000 mark, with virtually all of the people living in San Salvador speaking Spanish as their first language, although English is on the rise, too. The San Salvador metropolitan area is second only to Guatemala City in terms of the most populated metro areas in Central America.
Although there is a significant minority of Protestants living in San Salvador, the vast majority of the city's people are Roman Catholics. There is also a Mormon community in El Salvador, which has its own church, while smaller Latter Day Saints chapels can also be found in the city center.
The wealthier areas of the city of San Salvador include San Benito, Colonia San Francisco, Colonia Maquilishuat, and Santa Elena, and these are likely to be where expats look at finding somewhere to live when moving to San Salvador. Some of these areas are found in the hills surrounding the city and they have stunning views of the incredible El Salvador landscapes.
San Salvador has a warm climate and under the Köppen climate classification the city is described as having a tropical, wet and dry climate. Daily mean temperatures are around 27°C and the warm weather in the city lasts all year round.
November through February sees the temperatures fall a little due to the seasonal winds of the dry season, while April and May are the hottest months of the year for people living in San Salvador. During the rainy season, May to September, thunderstorms occur on a daily basis.
Hail storms and snow are rare in the city of San Salvador, and even when an occasional cold front strikes the area it is unlikely temperatures will fall below the 10–15°C range.
El Salvador observes the Central America Border Control Agreement, which means travel with a visa is possible throughout any of the CA-4 countries — Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvador and Guatemala — without being delayed at border checkpoints.
Foreigners from many countries around the world — including the United Kingdom, Australia, Japan, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, Spain, and Germany — can also enter El Salvador without a visa, but only for short-term tourist or business visits of up to 90 days. Expats from nations not on the list for visa-free travel, or those moving to San Salvador for a longer period of time, need to secure the necessary documents from the relevant embassy before traveling.