Switzerland

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Switzerland in Numbers

To get a first impression of Switzerland, have a look at these key facts and figures on the confederation’s demographics, languages, and economy.
Welcome to Switzerland! The InterNations expat guide will provide you with all kinds of useful information for your stay abroad.
  • Country name: Swiss Confederation

  • Government type: federal republic

  • Area (km²): 41,285

  • Climate: temperate /alpine

  • Capital: Bern (de facto)

  • Population: 8,237,000 (October 2016 estimate)

  • Population density: 200/km²

  • Major cities: Zurich (396,000), Geneva (195,000), Basel (169,000), Lausanne (136,000), Bern (141,000) (2015 estimates)

  • Ethnic groups: German 65%, French 18%, Italian 10%, Romansh 1%, other 6%

  • Languages: German (official) 63%, French (official) 23%, Italian (official) 8%, English 5%, Portuguese 4%, Albanian 3%, Serbo-Croatian 2.5%, Spanish 2%, Romansh (official) 0.5%, other 7%

  • Religions: Catholic 38.0%, Swiss Reformed Church 26.2%, no religious affiliation 22.2%, Muslim 5.0%, other 7.2%, unspecified 1.3% (2014 estimate)

  • Gross domestic product: 664.6 billion USD (nominal); 482.3 billion USD (PPP) (2015 estimate)

  • GDP per capita: 58,600 USD (2015 estimate)

  • Unemployment rate: 3.2% (October 2016)

  • Mercer Cost of Living Index 2016: Zurich (3), Geneva (8), Bern (13)

  • Human Development Index 2014: 3rd out of 188 countries

  • Currency: Swiss Franc (CHF)

  • Time zone: CET (UTC + 01:00)

  • Country code: +41

  • Emergency number: 112 (international emergency call number)

  • Voltage: 230 V/50 Hz

  • Recommended vaccinations: routine vaccines, tick-borne encephalitis

We do our best to keep this article up to date. However, we cannot guarantee that the information provided is always current or complete.