Around 96% of the population live on Trinidad, with just 4% on Tobago. Trinidad is divided into nine regional corporations and five municipalities, with the largest part of the population residing in the Tunapuna-Piarco region, to the east of the capital city of Port of Spain.
Trinidad is the larger of these twin islands, with many more people, cities and towns. Trinidad has therefore has become the economic and financial hub of the nation, as well as the seat of the government. The capital of Port of Spain sits on the west coast of Trinidad, with Scarborough being the main town on Tobago.
The official language, like in many of the Caribbean nations, is English, but locals typically speak one of two creole adaptations. Spanish is seen as a first foreign language, even though only about 5% of the population speak it. The land is a combination of mountains and plains, and the climate is tropical. Thankfully, Trinidad and Tobago manage to avoid most hurricanes and storms, unlike some of their Caribbean neighbors. The country has two seasons: the dry season, lasting the first six months of the year, and the rainy season the following six.
There is a list of countries whose citizens do not require visas to enter Trinidad and Tobago on the government immigration website, but broadly speaking, expats from the Caribbean Community, Western Europe and most of the Commonwealth do not require visas. For those who do require a visa, there is a downloadable form on the website, and applications can be made by email, or at a Trinidad and Tobago Mission abroad. Where such a mission doesn’t exist, expatriates can use the UK Embassy in their country, instead.
Expats looking to work in Trinidad and Tobago will need to apply for a work permit through the Ministry of National Security, which are typically granted to individuals who hold specific skills not found in the native workforce.
There are international airports on both islands, but most flights arrive and depart from Piarco International Airport on Trinidad. There is no national flag carrier, but Caribbean Airlines serves the islands and operates flights to neighboring Caribbean islands, Toronto, and New York. Air Canada, American Airlines, Continental Airlines and Delta all fly direct to Trinidad from all over the U.S. and Canada. There is an inter-island ferry service that takes three hours to sail between the islands.