Once you have found a job in the UAE, your future employer will need to get approval to hire you from the Ministry of Labor. This usually involves making sure that no unemployed UAE citizens could do the same job. An exception to this rule is for companies registered within free zones, who do not need ministry approval before applying for a work entry permit.
Once approval has been granted, your employer will act as your sponsor and will apply for an entry permit for you from the General Directorate of Residence and Foreigners Affairs (GDRFA). They must submit the work permit from the Ministry of Labor, several corporate documents (e.g. a copy of the company’s trade license and establishment card), information about your salary and if accommodation will be provided, and a bank guarantee or a cash deposit equal to one month’s salary plus the cost of a one-way ticket home. For this application, they will require the following documents from you:
For some professions, your qualifications must be certified by the UAE embassy of your home country as well as the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the UAE.
Once the entry permit has been issued, you must use it to enter the UAE within the next 60 days. After your arrival in the UAE, the permit is valid for an additional 60 days, during which time your employer will need to apply for your residence visa for you.
After you have entered the UAE, your employer will initiate the process of getting you a residence visa (also known as a residence permit). Your employer should also cover all fees that the entry permit, residence visa, and other necessary bureaucratic formalities incur.
Your employer will require the following documents from you for this application:
In addition, your company will need to submit a copy of a valid company card, a valid commercial license, three copies of the employment contract, as well as pay an application fee.
It is important to make sure you take all the steps to get your residence visa as soon as possible after arriving in the UAE. As of the 61st day after your entry into the UAE, there is a fine of 25 AED per day until you obtain your residence visa.
Once your application has been approved, the residence visa will be affixed to your passport. The residence visa is usually valid for two years, after which point it can be renewed. Residence visas for employees in free zones are generally valid for up to three years.
In addition to making your stay in the UAE legal, being in possession of a residence visa also lets you open a bank account, get a driver’s license, and take advantage of many other public services. Once you have your residence visa, you can also sponsor non-employment visas so that your dependents can join you in the UAE.
Citizens of GCC countries do not require a residence visa.
As part of the procedure for applying for a residence visa, you will need to visit an approved hospital or clinic for a medical exam. The exam must take place in the UAE; tests done in other countries will not be accepted. This check-up consists of a physical examination, a blood test, and a chest x-ray. You will be tested for HIV, tuberculosis, and leprosy. Certain categories of workers, including domestic workers, drivers, and restaurant workers, will also be tested for hepatitis B and syphilis.
If you test positive to one or more of these diseases, your visa application will be denied and you must leave the country. There is unfortunately no appeals process. In the case of syphilis, however, you will receive treatment and can stay. Applicants with tuberculosis are first treated and then deported. If you do not have an up-to-date hepatitis B vaccination, you will receive one for an extra fee.
Your employer will usually organize this medical exam for you. If not, it is important to note that most hospitals and clinics are only open from Sunday through Thursday and from around 07:00 until 15:00. In Dubai, there is a 24-hour medical center in Muhaisnah. In Abu Dhabi, there are a couple of medical centers open from 07:00 to 18:30 from Sunday through Thursday and from 07:00 to 13:30 on Saturday. The medical facilities are often very busy early in the morning, so it is better to visit in the afternoon.
When you show up for your medical exam, make sure to bring the original and a copy of your passport and entry permit. It normally takes about five working days to obtain the results, although in urgent cases an additional fee can be paid to get the results within 48, 24, or even four hours. In some emirates, you will receive a number and can view the results online. Otherwise you will receive the results in the mail. In any case, it’s important to get your medical fitness certificate to submit with your residence permit application. You must get a new medical check each year.
Once you have your residence permit, your employer can apply for your labor card (i.e. work permit), which will be issued to you by the Ministry of Labor as a separate plastic card.
The following documents are required for the labor card:
If you are working for a company registered in a free zone, you may apply for a change of sponsor (your new employer) at any time. If you are working for a company that is registered with the Ministry of Labor, you must first have worked for this company for two years before you are allowed to switch jobs and transfer your sponsorship to another employer.
The final post-arrival immigration procedure involves applying for your Emirates ID card. All of these bureaucratic steps should be taken within the first 60 days of your stay in the country. You can already apply for this card as soon as you arrive in the UAE, but it will not be issued until your residence visa has been approved.
The Emirates ID card is mandatory for all citizens and residents of the UAE. This electronic identification card is issued by the Emirates Identity Authority (EIDA). The electronic chip in this card contains vital information about you, such as your name, date of birth, nationality, marital status, photo, fingerprints, electronic signature, etc. An Emirates ID card is already necessary to access several government services, and it will be required for even more services in the future.
These are the steps you need to follow to get an Emirates ID card:
If your card is lost or damaged, it must be replaced. You must report any changes to the information stored on the card within 30 days, or you could face fines. Make sure to renew your Emirates ID card on time, else you will be fined when you go to renew it if the card has been expired for over 30 days.
You should carry your ID card with you at all times, as you must be able to show it to the authorities if asked.
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