Prior to moving to the UAE, make sure all your routine vaccinations are still up to date. These should include:
Furthermore, it is recommended that you get vaccinated against typhoid fever and hepatitis A, which can both be caused by consuming contaminated water or food. Vaccinating against hepatitis B is also a good idea, as is a rabies vaccination if you are likely to be in contact with animals a lot.
If you are in urgent need of assistance, phone:
Additionally, 996 will get you in touch with the coast guard in Abu Dhabi.
With its arid, subtropical climate, the Emirati summer in particular packs quite the punch! Temperatures can reach well over 45°C and the humid, so-called “Easterner” wind that occurs during the end of summer doesn’t make this any easier. As such, it is very important that you do not underestimate the heat but instead keep a cool head and protect yourself when in the sun:
Please also keep in mind that food can spoil much more quickly in high temperatures.
The country’s desert setting can not only cause problems related to the heat, however. The amount of mineral dust particles kicked up by winds in the desert as well as other air pollutants, e.g. from construction works, is particularly high in the UAE, making it the country with the most polluted air according to the World Bank’s The Little Green Data Book 2015. Since the tiny particles are particularly dangerous to those with pre-existing respiratory issues, affected persons should avoid being out and about for long stretches of time when air pollution levels are high. You can check the Air Quality Index on the website of the National Center of Meteorology & Seismology or on the website of the Environment Agency (Abu Dhabi only).
It is not only the desert sand that can cause problems, though. Prior to any outings into the desert, and especially if you are camping, make sure to inform yourself about the potential dangers of the local wildlife. While scorpions and snakes prefer to stay clear of humans, anyway, and many of the local species are not (too) venomous, it’s always a good idea to be aware of what you might encounter. The same goes for the various species of sea snakes that can be found along the coast. While more venomous than their cousins on land, they are also not particularly aggressive if left alone.
In fact, ants seem to pose the bigger health risk: They are more easily encountered and reactions to the bites of the rather aggressive fire ants and the more placid Samsun ants can be quite painful and in some cases even lead to, at times severe, anaphylactic shock. Lastly, there have also been sightings of the venomous redback spider in the UAE. Originally not native to the country, but quite comfortable in the hot climate, these spiders are not just found in the desert, either.
Still, there is no reason to panic if you follow these three easy tips:
There have been reported cases of the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) in the UAE. The illness affects the respiratory system, leading to various symptoms including shortness of breath, coughing, abdominal pain, and fever, which can be fatal particularly for those with pre-existing medical conditions.
The danger of MERS spreading from person to person is luckily rather low, though, with known cases typically only occurring in hospital settings and involving close contact with sick persons. However, since camels are suspected of playing a role in the spread of MERS, you should make sure to thoroughly wash your hands when in contact with these animals. Also avoid any contact with sick camels as well as the consumption of raw/undercooked camel meat or products.
When it comes to your health, the UAE in general and the big cities of Abu Dhabi and Dubai in particular are quite a safe place to travel to. Nevertheless, it is always a good idea to follow some basic hygienic measures:
The latter is regarded as safe to drink by the authorities, at least when it comes to the tap water as provided by the suppliers. In residential areas, however, the building owner is responsible for cleaning any water tanks used for storage and as such the quality of your tap water is not necessarily guaranteed.
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