The US in numbers: get an overview of all the relevant key facts and figures on the United States in this brief introductory article!
Country Name: United States of America
Government Type: constitution-based federal republic
Area (km²): 9,161,966
Capital: Washington, D.C.
Population: 316,438,601 (July 2013 estimate)
Population Density: 34.5/km²
Major Urban Areas: New York-Newark (19.3 million); Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana (12.675 million); Chicago (9.134 million); Miami (5.699 million); Washington, D.C. (4.421 million)
Ethnic groups: white 79.96%, black 12.85%, Asian 4.43%, Amerindian and Alaska native 0.97%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.18%, two or more races 1.61%. A total of 15.1% of the population (of any ethnic group) is Hispanic.
Languages: English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7%. Please note that the United States does not have an official language, although English has official status in 28 of the 50 states.
Religions: Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4% (2007 estimate)
Gross Domestic Product: USD 16.02 trillion (2012)
GDP Per Capita: USD 51,700 (2012)
Unemployment Rate: 8.1% (2012)
Human Development Index: 0.937 (2013)
Currency: US Dollar ($ / USD)
Time Zones: Eastern Standard Time (GMT -5), Central Standard Time (GMT -6), Mountain Standard Time (GMT -7), Pacific Standard Time (GMT -8), Alaska Standard time (GMT -9), Hawaii Standard Time (GMT -10)
The United States, home to people with origins in all corners of the globe, is the third most populous country in the world. Only India and China have larger populations. In this overview, we briefly touch upon noteworthy facts about the demographic makeup of the United States.
Keeping in mind the immense dimensions of the United States’ surface area and its highly diverse geographic features, it should not come as a surprise that the US boasts a large variety of climatic regions. Expats should know what to expect from the climate in their new home abroad!
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