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The 12 Least Ethical Companies

Can ethics be quantified? Or, better yet, can a lack of ethics be quantified?

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This week, the Swiss research firm Covalence released its annual ranking of the overall ethical performance of multinational corporations. The idea behind the Covalence research is that there's value -- both for companies and consumers -- in measuring corporations against an ethical standard. (We're hoping this idea also applies to Wall Street firms.)

To complete its ethics index, Covalence compiled both quantitative and qualitative data, spanning seven years, for Protected content . The data encompass 45 criteria that include labor standards, waste management and human rights records. And because it is a reputation index, the Covalence survey also incorporates media, industry and NGO documents into its evaluation.

Of course, while the index had its winners -- the first-, second-, and third-place companies were IBM, Intel, and HSBC, respectively -- we were more interested in the companies with the lowest ethical ratings. Among those companies with the most awful records are some of the usual suspects in the oil and mining industries but Covalence also found some lesser-known offenders.

12. Barrick Gold Corporation - Canada gold mining
11. Mediaset SpA - Italy's massive television company controlled by the PM
10. Total SA - French oil and gas
9. Grupo Mexico SA de CV - cooper Mine
8. Syngenta SA - Swiss argriculture and chemicals
7. Ryanair Holdings plc - Irish budget airline
6. Occidental Petroleum Corporation - This one is in Los Angeles
5. Philip Morris International Inc
4. Freeport-McMoRan Cooper & Gold Inc - Indonesia
3. Chevron Corp - oil and gas
2. Halliburton Company - oil & gas co associated with former US VP Dick Cheney
1. Monsanto Co - Agriculture giant based in the state of Missouri

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