Letter Of Credit (LC, DLC, SBLC, Usance LC) (Hong Kong)
What Is a Letter of Credit?
A letter of credit is a letter from a bank guaranteeing that a buyer’s payment to a seller will be received on time and for the correct amount. In the event that the buyer is unable to make a payment on the purchase, the bank will be required to cover the full or remaining amount of the purchase.
So in essence, a Letter of credit, also known as Documentary Letter Of Credit, is the bank’s obligation to pay the seller of goods or services a certain amount of money in the timely submission of documents confirming shipment of goods or performance of contractual services.
Documentary letter of credit is one of the most important means of financing in international trade, as the letter of credit is a tool that removes most of the risks as from the buyer (importer) and from the seller (exporter).
Uses and Advantages of Letter Of Credit
Documentary Letter Of Credit is very flexible and convenient tool of calculations, which have the widest recognition and acceptance in the world because of the following advantages:
For the seller, the letter of credit is convenient because it removes the risk of insolvency of the buyer, because the letter of credit is the unconditional obligation of the bank to pay, regardless of the presence or absence of the bank of the applicant credit. Thus, the letter of credit provides a higher degree of protection of the seller’s interests with payment upon delivery or by collection.
For the seller of credit is convenient because it removes the risk of insolvency of the buyer, because the letter of credit – the unconditional obligation of the bank to pay, regardless of the presence or absence of the bank of the applicant credit. Thus, the letter of credit provides a higher degree of protection than the interests of the seller with payment upon delivery or by collection.
For the customer the letter of credit is convenient because it provides greater protection of the buyer’s interests compared to the down payment, and eliminates the risk of unscrupulous sellers, because the letter of credit may be required, among other documents, the documents, issued by independent third parties (Chamber of Commerce, the insurance company, the independent inspector).
Availability of “Uniform Rules and Practice for Documentary Letter of Credit”, which are internationally recognized, clearly defining and delimiting the obligations of the parties of the letter of credit, allows advancing the interests of the applicant or beneficiary. Thus, the letter of credit is the bank’s obligation as an independent arbitrator who shall be subject to payment of the letter of credit, regardless of the possible litigation between the parties to the contract.
Types of Letter Of Credit.
Revocable Letters of Credit, which can be changed or canceled by the issuing bank without prior notice to the recipient of funds. Revoke of letter of credit does not create any obligation of the issuing bank to the payee (Article Protected content Code). Nominated bank is obligated to make a payment or other operations on a revocable letter of credit, if at the time of their commission they have not received notice of the change of conditions or canceling credit. A letter of credit is revocable if its text does not explicitly state otherwise.
Irrevocable letter of credit is a firm obligation of the issuing bank to pay money in order and the terms defined by the conditions of the letter of credit, if the documents provided for by it, submitted to the bank specified in the credit, or the issuing bank, and observe the terms and conditions of the letter of credit.
Irrevocable letter of credit guarantees that the exporter will make payment to the performance of its obligations, even if an importer wants to abandon the deal. Therefore, exporter, performing a special order, for which most likely will not be another buyer, chooses exactly this kind of letter of credit.
Irrevocable unconfirmed letter of credit.
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