Atlas Mountains and Summits Trekking-Biking
Sport,adventure ,landscapes,direct in touch with Berber civilisation ,nomadic lifestyle...
Toubkal ,Oukaymden ,Saghru ,Mgun Summits and mountains Protected content
Desert discovery Trekking, specialist adventure organisator offering high-quality group mountains biking and walking, trekking tours all around Morocco, as well as holidays for individuals or private groups. We manage everything from Marrakech we are group of experienced people in the field of tourism adventure travel including a guide ,horse man and extra guide in need . Our objective is taking adventurous visitors off the beaten track to discover ,experience and enjoy the extraordinary beauty and unique character of Morocco`s regions ,Toubkal ,Oukaymden,Mgun ,Saghru Summits and mountains . If you look for original, quality trekking vacations, you are in the right place and we would love to have you between us to experience with us wonderful moments and enjoy landscapes ,Berbers families ,nomadic tents families inviting us accommodating us along the ways that we cross in the valleys mountains .
Basis fro trekking tours to the Adrar.Tizi Toubkal and Oukaymden is Imlil.A small village ogg the Tizi-n-Test mountains road R Protected content Marrakech to Taroudant .From Marrakech take first the road to Asni,45 Km,from there starts a good asphalt road to Imlil,15 Km. For North easth Ouarzazat city ,Mgun we start in Klaat Mguna towards valley or roses valley about 15 Kms from Klaat Mguna heading to Ayt Bougemmaz ,Azilal city .Well for Saghru basis for trekking is Bumal n Dades .There is good information available ,you can see maps of the area on line and buy when get there .The following information and prices are fixed since December Protected content .
Escorted,organised,tours,price start from Protected content includes:
350 Euro for more than 4 persons .
All costs like guide, Berber family accommodation and mule are included. Sleeping bags are not provided.
Trekking tours to the Adrar Toubkal and Oukaymden are possible from Mai to October, from 4 days to 2 weeks. In winter you can also do tours, but mostly in the valleys and beautiful mountain village you cannot reach by car.For Mgun and Saghru trekking season starts from March to June from 5 days to full two weeks .There are different tours with different duration possible. More details are on request.
N.B : Travel insurance and flights tickets are not included.
More details on each mountain summit as follows :
Atlas mountains in North Africa ,Morocco
The Atlas Mountains Adurar n Atlas in Berber , Kabyle: Idurar n leṭles) is a mountain range across a northern stretch of Africa extending about 2,400 km (1,500 miles) through Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. The highest peak is Jbel Toubkal, with an elevation of 4,167 metres (13,671 ft) in southwestern Morocco. The second highest mountain is the M'Goun of 4,071 metres (13,356 ft). The Atlas ranges separate the Mediterranean and Atlantic coastlines from the Sahara Desert. The population of the Atlas Mountains are mainly Berber tribes in Morocco and kabyles in Algeria. The terms for 'mountain' in some Berber languages are adrar and adras, believed to be cognate with the toponym.
The mountains are divided into additional and separate ranges, including the Middle Atlas, High Atlas, and Anti-Atlas. The lower Tell Atlas running near the coast and the larger Saharan Atlas running further south terminate in the Aurès Mountains located in Algeria and Tunisia. The Atlas Mountains constitute one of the distinct physiographic provinces of the larger African Alpine System division.
Toubkal Summit Trekking .
Adrar n Toubkal is a mountain peak in southwestern Morocco, located in the Toubkal National Park. At 4,167 metres, it is the highest peak in the Atlas Mountains and in North Africa. It is located 63 km south of the city of Marrakech, in the Toubkal National Park. The first ascent by Europeans was on 12 June Protected content the Marquis de Segonzac, Vincent Berger and Hubert Dolbeau, but the mountain may have been climbed before that date.
Trekkers usually approach the mountain from the road-end village of Imlil. Qualified local guides can be hired, as well as mules and porters, to carry equipment and food supplies higher into the mountains. For experienced mountaineers, guides are not required for the normal route, as it is an easy hike and orientation is not a problem. Usage of the mules is questionable, as they are often being overloaded and mistreated, and there is no need to carry food or tents if staying in the refuge.
The normal route starts with easy walk to the village of Aroumd. Past Aroumd a floodplain is crossed and route follows the left slope of the valley southwards. Valley bends to the east to the tiny settlement of Sidi Chamharouch, which has grown around a Muslim shrine. At Sidi Chamharouch path leads over the stream and steeply uphill to the right side of the Isougouane valley which leads to two stone-built refuges (old Neltner Refuge and new Refuge du Toubkal) that are often used as base camp at 3,207 m (10,522 ft). It is possible to buy good meals in the Refuge du Toubkal. Tents can be pitched near the refuges for a small charge.
From that point a path crosses the stream, climbs a steep scree slope to the east and enters a valley (corrie), then climbs another steep slope to reach a col (Tizi'n'Toubkal at 3,940m). At the col the route turns left (northwards) to the summit ridge of Jbel Toubkal. The 4,167m summit is crowned with a curious pyramidal metal frame and views take in most of the Atlas and Anti-Atlas Mountains.
The ascent during the summer (from May) is non-technical and easy, only complicated by steep and slippery scree slopes and altitude sickness. Sturdy boots and proper (windproof) clothing is required, trekking poles are helpful on the scree. An ice-axe may be needed on the remaining snowfields in the early summer.
It is possible to climb the mountain in two days - first day up to the refuge (around seven hours without mules), second day to the summit (around five hours) and back to Imlil (up to five hours).
In summer the mountains can be very dry, but are sometimes subjected to storms. Although the temperature should remain above zero during the day, freezing conditions are possible over 3,500m. In winter the mountains are covered in snow and ice, and can be prone to avalanches. Skiing is possible as the snow can lie to considerable depth and cover many rocky slopes. Information about state of the route can be obtained at Marrakech tourist offices or at Imlil.
Oukaimeden Summit trekking and skiing area
Oukaïmeden is one of the premier skiing resorts on the African continent. It is located in Morocco, about Protected content from Marrakech, in the Atlas mountains near Jebel Toubkal.
The skiing area is at the altitude between Protected content Protected content and it has a couple of lifts. There are some hotels and ski rental facilities. However, Oukaimeden does not usually get much snow and skiing on the steeper slopes is usually not possible.
Saghru and Mgun Summit Trekking
Mgun Is third summit in Morocco,ending Mgun green rose valley,Between Klaat Mguna ,Ouarzazat city and Azilal .A valley of Protected content casles,special architecture),ever green attractive landscapes aby both banks of Mgun rivers crossing the lenght of the valey know with festival of roses orgnised in the first week of may .The roses parfumes the valley for two months of april and may .The two highest in the Central and Eastern Atlas are Adrar Mgun and Adrar n-l'Ayyashi, at 4,071 meters and 3,737 meters, respectively. The highest peak in the Western Atlas and highest in the country is Adrar n-Tubkal, at 4,165 meters. The Atlas chain forms the backbone of Moroccan geography and orography.
The Anti-Atlas (Atlas Amezzan in Berber , Adrar Saghru or Lesser Atlas, is one of the mountain ranges lying in Morocco, as part of the Atlas mountains in the northwest of Africa.
The Anti-Atlas extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the southwest, toward the northeast, to the heights of Ouarzazate and further east to the city of Tafilalt (altogether a distance of approximately Protected content , 310 mi). In the south, the range borders the Sahara.
The easternmost point of the anti-Atlas is the Adrar Saghru mountains, and its eastern boundary is set by sections of the High Atlas range. On the heights of Ouarzazate, the massif is cut through by the Draa valley, which opens southward. In this chaos of rocks, the contrasts are extreme: water runs in some remote places, forming clear basins. The rare villages are reduced to a handful of small houses surrounded by palm trees.
Creation of the Anti-Atlas Range
The base rock of Africa (the African plate) was formed in the Precambrian (approximately 4.5 billion to approximately Protected content years before today) and is much older than the Atlas mountains lying in Africa. The Anti-Atlas range developed later.
The Anti-Atlas range formed in the Paleozoic (~300 million years ago), as the result of continental collisions. North America, Europe and Africa were connected millions of years ago as part of two former continents, Euramerica and Gondwana, which ground against one another. Evidence shows the Anti-Atlas mountains to have originally been formed as part of the Alleghenian orogeny that also formed the Appalachians, formed when Gondwana (including Africa) and Euramerica (America) collided. There are indications they were once a chain of mountains far higher than today's Himalayan mountains.
More recently in the Tertiary period Protected content to ~1.8 million years ago), the remaining mountain chains that today comprise the Atlas were uplifted as the land masses of Europe and Africa collided at the southern end of the Iberian peninsula. Erosion continued to reduce the Anti-Atlas range so that it is today less significant that the High Atlas range to the north.
Profile and climate
The summits of the Anti-Atlas reach average heights of 2, Protected content m ( Protected content ), with a few peaks higher. To the north lies a plateau Protected content m ( Protected content ) in height. To the south lie the Sahara highlands at approximately Protected content ( Protected content ). One peak, Djebel Siroua, of volcanic origin, reaches Protected content (10,835 ft). The range is strongly fissured, particularly in a southerly direction.
In the Anti-Atlas, the precipitation annually is typically below Protected content (8 in), while the climatic conditions on the north and west slopes are locally more favorable. Climatically, the mountains are separated by the High Atlas, to the north, from the Mediterranean's influence and belong to the Sahara climate zone.
In the most moderate areas to the west and the north, large surfaces are covered with thyme, rosemary and other low-water-demand plants, such as argan. The quilt-like cover is endangered by overgrazing, and in the south little but thorn shrubs remain. The transition to the desert is gradual as one moves southward.
Settlement and economics
The Anti-Atlas is inhabited by the Amazigh Berber. Their center is the city Tafraoute, near the valley of the Ammeln. Often they still speak one of the Berber dialects.
Most agriculture takes place at oasis locations and along the rivers, and is heavily reliant on spring runoff. There is some dry-land agriculture: barley is cultivated with limited yields in the highlands. Herding is also common.
Due to the difficult conditions for agricultural production and limited income, migration from the land has become a substantial problem in the Anti-Atlas region. This is offset somewhat by tourism, which has developed during recent decades, providing some income.
The landscape is marked by picturesque kasbah (essentially castles) which are found in many places in the region, including the older parts of Agadir. In former times, the kasbah was important as a place of shelter, and a supply depot for kinsmen. In close proximity to these settlements, terraced fields with dry-stone retaining walls cover the landscape. However increasingly, houses are vacated, and fields left uncultivated. With the continued migration from the land, the irrigation systems necessary for agriculture are also decaying.Yet still resisting big green fields of palms and Henna ,a plant used by Berber women to decorate their hands and feeth ..