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Working in Bologna
Find out how to get a job and work in Bologna
Plenty of international companies, Bologna offers a good environment for expats who think about to work there. As a European city, European citizens will not need a work permit. Read all about the local economy, work permits, and income taxation in our guide!
Need to move abroad? Organizing an international relocation is not something you should do on your own. As expats, we understand what you need, and offer the the essential services to help you move and live abroad easily. Contact us today to jump start your move, and begin the preparations with our free relocation checklist.
Employment in Bologna
Bologna has a thriving economy, and is ranked first in Italy and 47th in Europe in terms of its economic growth rate. Bologna’s local economy is heavily reliant on heavy industry and manufacturing — the main industries are car and machinery manufacturing, chemical engineering, textile production, fashion, and ceramics. Food processing is also one of the largest industries in the city.
There is also a strong financial center in Bologna, and it is home to many Italian insurance companies. Bologna’s thriving industrial economy has also caused many large firms to move into the city, including Ducati, Lamborghini, Maserati, Bonfiglioli, and the Hera Group.
The services sector is also growing off the back of industry, and Bologna is home to one of the largest exhibition centers in Europe, the Fiera District, which hosts conferences related to machinery, cars, and design. Foreigners and expatriates working in Bologna tend to do so in senior or technical positions in industry or manufacturing, and there is an increasing call for English teachers.
Work Permits for Bologna
Whether or not you will need a permit to legally work in Bologna depends on your nationality. As Italy is a member of the European Union, citizens of EU/EEA countries and Switzerland will not need a permit to work in Bologna. However, should they wish to work in Bologna for more than 90 days, they will need to register for an Italian residence card, but this is merely a formality. Non-EU/EEA citizens will need a permit to work in Bologna, and, as they will need help with their application from their prospective employer, they will need to have already secured work in the city before applying. First, their prospective employer will need to apply for clearance with the immigration authorities in Bologna, after which the work permit can be applied for. In Italy, work permits are packaged along with residence permits, so only one application is necessary in order to obtain both. Italian work permits are usually issued for less than one year and can renewed; however, if you receive a work permit that is valid for more than one year, you must register with the Ministry of Interior (Ministero Dell’Interno), where you will be required to attend integration classes during your stay.
Income Taxation in Bologna
Expatriates living in Bologna will be required to pay income tax on their earnings. If you live in Bologna for less than 183 days in a year, you will pay income tax at Italian rates on your Italian income only; whereas if you live and work in Bologna for more than 183 days in a year, you will be required to pay income tax at Italian rates on your worldwide income. Income tax is paid at both a federal and regional level. The income tax rates for expatriates working in Bologna for 2014 were as follows:
- Up to 15,000 EUR — 23%
- 15,001–28,000 EUR — 27%
- 28,001–55,000 EUR — 38%
- 55,001–75,000 EUR — 41%
- In excess of 75,000 EUR — 43%
Foreigners living in Bologna will also be required to pay social contributions on top of any income tax, which will be held at source along with their income tax by their employer.
Do you want to relocate? If you have never moved abroad, the process will be overwhelming, and if you have, you know the burden that lies ahead. Whatever stage you are at, InterNations GO! can help you with a complete set of relocation services, such as home finding, school search, visa solutions, and even pet relocation. Our expert expat team is ready to get your relocation going, so why not jump-start your move abroad and contact us today? Best to start early!