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Living in Mongolia

A practical guide to the way of life in Mongolia

Mongolia: awe-inspiring, wild, and beautiful. The ‘Land of the Eternal Blue Sky’ surely lives up to its name, with wide vistas across the untamed steppe stretching as far as the eye can see. Mongolians embrace their culture of hospitality with gusto, so expect a warm welcome wherever you go while living in Mongolia.

Life in Mongolia

For any expatriate looking for adventure and the chance to experience a country still in touch with its nature and ancient traditions, Mongolia is the perfect destination.

In Mongolia, there are essentially two types of place: the city and the steppe. The biggest city is the country’s capital Ulaanbaatar, where 46% of the country’s tiny population resides and most of the country’s economy and infrastructure is based. Much of the remaining population still lives a completely nomadic lifestyle. As a result, most expatriates will choose to reside in Ulaanbaatar if seeking gainful employment, unless they plan on becoming a full-time nomad.

Education in Mongolia

Traditionally, education in Mongolia was controlled by Buddhist monasteries and only given to monks; the language of instruction was Tibetan. In the 20th century, however, big reforms to education were made during communist rule. Literacy rates vastly improved after the reforms, primarily due to the introduction of free primary education. These changes also resulted in Cyrillic becoming the official script. 

Today, the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science oversees education in the country. Education is compulsory for children aged 8 to 15 years. There is an extensive pre-school education system that is financed by the state, resulting in there being over 700 state and private kindergartens throughout Mongolia. 

The best schools in the country are located in Ulaanbaatar. Here you will find a range of kindergartens, primary schools, middle schools and secondary schools – both public and private. Expats parents living in Mongolia usually choose one of the international schools that can be found in the capital city. These include the British School and the International School of Ulaanbaatar which generally follow a British and American curriculum, respectively.

There are several universities to be found in Mongolia, of which the National University of Mongolia is the oldest and most well-known in the country. For expats and their kids, Mongolia International University and the American University of Mongolia are popular choices for well-rounded international degree programs.

Transportation in Mongolia

Road accidents are common in Mongolia; it is not advised that foreign nationals take to the road in their own or a rental car. On the other hand, motorbike enthusiasts would claim the risk is worth it to experience some of the best motorbike riding in the world.

Provincial capitals can be reached by plane from Ulaanbaatar. If you don’t like flying, long distances can be covered by bus or a chartered jeep, while in the city, taxis are affordable and readily available. One of the better perks of living in Mongolia is that traveling locally by horse is a real possibility.

Healthcare in Mongolia

Any expatriate planning life in Mongolia should strongly consider taking out a comprehensive insurance policy. The standard of medical care in Ulaanbaatar is basic and virtually non-existent in the middle of the steppe. If you need to be evacuated, the prices can be astronomical. Dial 103 for emergency medical assistance.

Do you want to relocate? If you have never moved abroad, the process will be overwhelming, and if you have, you know the burden that lies ahead. Whatever stage you are at, InterNations GO! can help you with a complete set of relocation services, such as home finding, school search, visa solutions, and even pet relocation. Our expert expat team is ready to get your relocation going, so why not jump-start your move abroad and contact us today? Best to start early!

Updated on: December 23, 2021
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Join Our Exciting Events in Mongolia

Once we've helped you move to Mongolia, we can make you feel at home by introducing you to other expats who have already settled and are part of our Mongolia Community. Attend our monthly events and activities in Mongolia and get to know like-minded expats in real life.

InterNations Ulan Bator Event @ Revo Garden

Start date Aug 24, 2021, 6:00 PM

Attendees 12

InterNations 14th Anniversary Event @Nazca

Start date Sep 29, 2021, 7:00 PM

Attendees 14

InterNations 14th Anniversary Event @Nazca

Start date Sep 29, 2021, 7:00 PM

Attendees 14

InterNations 14th Anniversary Event @Nazca

Start date Sep 29, 2021, 7:00 PM

Attendees 14

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