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Working in Sofia

Find out how to get a job and work in Sofia

Working in Sofia means working in Bulgaria’s major business hub. A lot of new opportunities are being opened up for expats in the city. The InterNations GO! Guide to working in Sofia provides you with information on employment, work permits, taxation, and more.

Employment in Sofia

Local Economy

As the capital city of Bulgaria, Sofia has the strongest local economy in the country. It has a far lower unemployment rate than all other Bulgarian cities and compares well with other cities across the European Union; in 2015 it was ranked 30th out of 300 cities across Europe and 1st amongst those in Southeastern Europe for combined growth employment and GDP per capita.

Its main economic output comes from manufacturing, metallurgy, electricity, gas and water supply and food and beverages. Sofia is also an increasingly popular destination for multinationals, and now Siemens, IBM, and Software AG have offices in the city.

Expatriates working in Sofia usually do so for one of these multinational corporations, as English teachers (which are in increasingly high demand), or in the technical industry.

Work Permits for Sofia

EU citizens working in Sofia for a period of less than three months will not need to apply for a work permit. They will, however, need to register with the Bulgarian Ministry of Labor and Social Policy.

Non-EU nationals, however, will need to apply for a permit to work in Sofia. In order to be able to apply for a work permit, you must already have a long-term residence permit in place. If you already have employment in place, then your prospective employer can sponsor your application for a permit to work in Sofia.

However, if you do not, then you must submit application forms to both the Bulgarian Ministry of Labor and Social Policy and an accredited employment agency.

Income Taxation in Sofia

Unlike many European countries, Bulgaria employs a flat rate for income tax. This means that whatever you earn while working in Sofia, you will only pay 10% of your income as tax. This low income tax rate draws many expats to the country. However, social security contributions (approx. 12–13%) are added on top of this 10% rate.

As a qualified Bulgarian resident, which means that you live in Bulgaria for more than 183 days in a year, you will pay 10% tax on your worldwide income. As an expatriate residing and working in Sofia for less than that, you will pay 10% on your Bulgarian income only.

Your taxes will be deducted at source by your employer, so you won’t need to worry about completing and filing a tax return for your earnings.

Do you want to relocate? If you have never moved abroad, the process will be overwhelming, and if you have, you know the burden that lies ahead. Whatever stage you are at, InterNations GO! can help you with a complete set of relocation services, such as home finding, school search, visa solutions, and even pet relocation. Our expert expat team is ready to get your relocation going, so why not jump-start your move abroad and contact us today? Best to start early!

Updated on: December 02, 2021
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Join Our Exciting Events in Sofia

Once we've helped you move to Sofia, we can make you feel at home by introducing you to other expats who have already settled and are part of our Sofia Community. Attend our monthly events and activities in Sofia and get to know like-minded expats in real life.

InterNations Sofia November Official Event

Start date Nov 11, 2021, 7:00 PM

Attendees 82

InterNations Sofia Pre Christmas Event

Start date Nov 23, 2021, 7:30 PM

Attendees 53

InterNations Sofia X-Mas Party

Start date Dec 2, 2021, 7:00 PM

Attendees 79

Bowling & Dinner

Start date Dec 5, 2021, 5:00 PM

Attendees 8

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